Deep Cycle Marine Battery
A deep cycle battery, which is the finest option for trolling, delivers a steady stream of power over a long amount of time. You may by now know that a deep cycle battery additions a boat’s cranking battery for ideal performance, but do you know how these forms of batteries actually work? Keep skimming to learn a slight more about a deep cycle marine battery.
Circumstances Disturb a Deep Cycle Marine Battery
- Deep cycle batteries are normally exposed to tough conditions.
- Depending on where a boat goes and when it could be moderately cold, or awfully hot, both of which affect product performing.
- High temperatures hasten internal breakdown and can contract longevity.
- Even when the battery is not in use, high temperatures influence the chemistry of deep cycle batteries as the product will self-discharge more swiftly than when it is stored at room temperature.
- In addition to temperature encounters, improper charging can have a major impact on the lifecycle of a deep cycle battery.
- When a battery is charged too often, its ability is weakened.
- Batteries should be discharged to at least 50% DOD before recharging in order to prolong their life.
- It is also essential to ensure batteries receive a full recharge to deliver estimated life.
- To keep batteries functioning dependably, make sure to maintain fluid levels above the top of the plates by means of only distilled water to replenish fluids lost during charging service.
Matching Deep Cycle Batteries
Battery buyers need to be conscious of changes in the battery construction. Some batteries are branded as a marine battery, but do not state deep cycle construction. For example, dual purpose marine batteries can be valuable for boaters that do not want to deal with two individual batteries for starting and trolling. In most cases, dual purpose batteries will work adequately for both scenarios, but will never be as effectual as a two-battery solution.
Deep cycle marine batteries are a little maintenance, high power solution for entertaining boaters. However, it is the key to realize how they work and what sorts of behavior can leave them vulnerable, in order to make the most of their potential for power.
- Recall you must put back the energy you use instantly. If you don’t the battery sulfates and that disturbs performance and durability.
- The alternator is a battery charger. It functions well if the battery is not deeply discharged.
- The alternator inclines to overcharge batteries that are very low and the overcharge can harm batteries.
- In truth an engine starting battery on average has merely about 10 deep cycles obtainable when recharged by an alternator.
- Batteries like to be charged in a precise way, especially when they have been deeply discharged. This kind of charging is called 3 step regulated charging.
- Please observe that only special Smart Battery Chargers using computer technology can accomplish 3 step charging techniques.
- The primary step is bulk charging where up to 80% of the battery energy capacity is traded by the charger at the maximum voltage and current amp rating of the charger. When the battery voltage extents 14.4 volts this activates the absorption charge step.
- This is where the voltage is held at a continuous 14.4 volts and the current drops until the battery is 98% charged.
- Then comes the Float Step. This is a regulated voltage of not more than 13.4 volts and generally less than 1 amp of current. This in time will carry the battery to 100% charged or near to it.
- The float charge will not boil or heat batteries but will preserve the batteries at 100% readiness and stop cycling during long term inactivity.
- Some Gel Cell and AGM batteries may need special settings or chargers.
- Think Security First.
- Do read complete tutorial.
- Do regular examination and care especially in hot weather.
- Do recharge batteries straightaway after discharge.
- Do buy the highest RC reserve capacity or AH amp hour battery that will fit your configuration.
- Don’t overlook safety first.
- Don’t insert new electrolyte.
- Don’t use unregulated high output battery chargers to charge batteries.
- Don’t put your equipment and toys into storage not including some kind of device to keep the battery charged.
- Don’t detach battery cables while the engine is progressing.
- Don’t put off recharging batteries.
- Don’t add tap water as it may be full of minerals that will pollute the electrolyte.
- Don’t discharge batteries any deeper than you probably have to
- Don’t let a battery get hot to the touch and boil brutally when charging.
- Don’t mingle size and varieties of batteries.
Battery Lifetime and Functioning
Average battery life has become smaller as energy requirements have enlarged. Only 30% of batteries sold today accomplish the 48-month mark. In fact 80% of all battery failure is connected to sulfation build-up. This build up happens when the sulfur molecules in the electrolyte come to be so deeply discharged that they begin to coat the battery’s lead plates. Before long the plates become so coated that the battery expires. The reasons of sulfation are many. Let me list some for you.
- Batteries sit too long between charges.
- As trivial as 24 hours in hot weather and numerous days in cooler weather.
- Battery is stored lacking some kind of energy input.
Deep Cycling an Engine Initiating Battery
- Remember these batteries can’t tolerate deep discharge.
- Undercharging of a battery to only 90% of capacity will let sulfation of the battery using the 10% of battery chemistry not reactivated by the unfinished charging cycle.
- Heat of 100 plus F., rises internal discharge. As temperatures intensify so does internal discharge.
- A firsthand fully charged battery left sitting 24 hours a day at 110 degrees F for 30 days would most probably not start an engine.
- Low electrolyte level, battery plates bare to air will instantly sulfate.
- Improper charging levels and settings.
- Most cheap battery chargers can do more damage than good.
- Cold weather is also tough on the battery. The chemistry does not make the same volume of energy as a warm battery.
- A deeply discharged battery can freeze solid in freezing weather.
- Parasitic drain is a load put on a battery with the key off.